HIV ( Human Immuno - Devesiensi ) is a virus that only live in the human body , which can damage the human immune power .
AIDS ( Immuno - Deviensi Acguired Syndromer ) is a collection of symptoms decrease symptoms immune system to attack the disease from outside .
People who have the AIDS virus will become carriers and transmitters of AIDS during his lifetime , although do not feel sick and look healthy . AIDS is also said to be a dangerous disease because until now there is no cure or vaccine that can prevent the AIDS virus . In addition, people infected with the AIDS virus will experience mental distress and mental suffering because most of the people around him will excommunicate or away from it. And the suffering it will increase again due to the high cost of treatment . Another danger that AIDS is declining immune system . So the disease is usually not harmful will cause illness or even death .
Symptoms of AIDS
Since the first person infected with the HIV virus , then the virus will live in the body , but the person does not show symptoms of the disease but look how healthy , active , productive as usual . Because the symptoms of AIDS appear after 3 months + . The symptoms of AIDS itself is :
Weight loss will decrease significantly .
Prolonged fever ( more than 38 0C )
Enlargement of the gland ( the neck ) , diketiak , and groin ) which arise without a cause .
Prolonged diarrhea or diarrhea .
The emergence of a bluish red blotches on the skin ( skin cancer or Kaposi SARKOM ) .
Shortness of breath and cough are prolonged .
Sores that do not heal .
All of it is the symptoms that can be seen in AIDS patients , which will eventually end in death .
Transmission of AIDS
Previous AIDS virus is not easily transmitted influenza virus . We're not too alienating Usak or away from people with AIDS , because AIDS will not be transmitted in a way - the way as below :
Living at home with AIDS ( origin not hold sexual intercourse ) .
Touched or shaking hands with an infected person .
Contact with clothing and other used goods AIDS patients .
Eating and drinking .
Mosquitoes and other insect bites .
Equally swim in the pool
The things above is not the cause of the spread of AIDS can occur through the following ways :
sexual intercourse with someone who has HIV
Transfusion of blood containing HIV virus
Through syringes , acupuncture , tattooing , and piercing tools are already in use people infected by AIDS
Prenatal relationship , namely the transfer of the virus from pregnant mothers who suffered from AIDS virus to the fetus .
HIGH RISK GROUPS THAT HAVE AIDS INFECTED
Those who frequent sexual intercourse outside of marriage , such as male and female prostitutes and their clients .
Those who have a sexual partner stout example : Homo sex ( intercourse with other men ) , Bisexual ( sexual intercourse with other women ) , Shemale and pimps .
Recipients of blood transfusions
Babies born to mothers suffering from the AIDS virus .
Injection drug addicts .
Couple of people with AIDS
HOW AIDS PREVENTION
Avoid sexual intercourse outside marriage . Try only one person dealing with sexual partners , do not relate to other people .
Use condoms for high risk when having sexual intercourse .
Mothers whose blood was examined and found to contain a virus , should not be pregnant . Because it will move the AIDS virus to her fetus .
High risk groups recommended to become a blood donor .
The use of needles and other tools ( acupuncture , tattooing , piercing ) must be guaranteed sterilizing .
The efforts to do the government in an effort to prevent the transmission of AIDS is, for example : giving counseling or information to the entire community of all some thing related to AIDS , which is open through seminars , through the distribution of brochures or posters associated with AIDS , or through advertisements in various media both print and media elektronik.penyuluhan or information is done continuously and sustainably , to all levels of society , so that people can know the dangers seluarh AIDS , thus trying to avoid everything that could cause the AIDS virus .
EFFORTS MADE BY A VIRUS INFECTED IF AIDS
Efforts were made also infected with the AIDS virus called the implementation of new treatment strategies . In the treatment of HIV / AIDS is very important to know the dynamics of HIV , as well as the course of disease ( pathogenesis ) so it can take action and timely treatment .
Some hope and good news can be noted from the meetings " Van Couver " in Canada is currently quite a lot of anti-HIV drugs are effective for the treatment of the combination . Several protease inhibitors and anti- HIV drugs currently in the final stages to get permission . In addition there are also checks " Viral loard " the process is easier in the detection of HIV RNA in the blood . And all the above efforts should be back by the motivation of people with AIDS itself. For example, for those who belong to a group at high risk of AIDS always check blood regularly , at least 3-6 months , for the safety of their sexual partners . And no less important is to draw closer to God Almighty . That is by carrying out acts of worship are ordered and trying to stay away from all that is forbidden , so that the suffering is felt not too heavy . And for the people should not avoid isolating those infected with AIDS , but should give encouragement or enthusiasm for life , for example through the advice bisamenumbuhkan confidence , so that those who have AIDS virus does not live his life in despair .
With the above efforts , undoubtedly the AIDS problem can be solved , at least can not be prevented as early as possible , especially if there is participation of all parties .
MYSTERY pandemic of HIV / AIDS WORLD
WHO ( World healty Organisation)
WHO reports that since mid-1995 , the cumulative number of AIDS patients as much as 20 million . 18.5 million adults with half of whom are women , and 1.5 million are children . 50 % of people with AIDS are young people / young people in the age group 15-24 years .
Since January 1, 1996 WHA reported number of AIDS patients as many as 41 million HIV / AIDS in the world . With 35.4 million adolescents and adults , jutawanita 15.5 , and 5.6 million children . Whereas for 2000 the WHO estimates that the number will reach 30-40 million HIV and AIDS number 12-18 million .
Pandemic of HIV / AIDS REGONAL SOUTHEAST ASIA
Pandemic of HIV / AIDS regonal asia in 1994 found 3745 cumulative AIDS , while already estimated at more than 2 jura from 11 countries including Indonesia , and the amount will be 3.5 million in 1995 .
Syndroma iceberg is more frightening the world , due to the discovery of HIV through blood tests efidemilogi the spread of HIV in the community will be 100-1000 times more . While the means already found one AIDS- infected people there 100-8000 . From the data found , HIV AIDS can be exposed to anyone , either the poor , the rich , high -and low -educated , men and women and sabagainya .
Currently AIDS infection in women is increasing rapidly , since women are the groups of low and easily infected without realizing it . While children born to mothers with HIV , after the age of 2 years have started to show the largest HIV 30-40 % .
We should always be closer to God Almighty , and trying to avoid the things that can cause AIDS .
Do not have sexual relations outside of marriage ( commit adultery ) , and do not have multiple sexual partners .
When treated by using a syringe , then make sure first that it is a sterile syringe or not .
When doing a blood transfusion , first blood transfusion perikasakan whether it is free of the HIV virus .
For the younger generation , stay away from illegal drugs , especially narcotics through a syringe , tattoo equipment , piercing earrings , and the like that could transmit AIDS , because the tools were not there gunanya.dan aeperti refrain from promiscuity that is negative .
If there are seminars , counseling , or advertising brochures , which mengimpormasikan about AIDS , we should pay attention to denganbaik , so that everything about AIDS can be known , so that we can avoid an early age of AIDS .
People who know themselves to have been infected with the AIDS virus should use a condom when having sexual intercourse , so that the AIDS virus is not transmitted to a sex partner .